US-Gesetze gegen FGM

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US Laws Against FGM - State by State
State Applicable law Only applies to minors (under 18 unless otherwise specified) Parent/ Guardian and circumciser subject to prosecution “Vacation provision” banning travel outside the state for FGM Cultural/ ritual reason and/or consent not a defense Provisions for community education and outreach Sentence
Alabama [PROPOSED LEGISLATION: HB421] Under 19 x x x Imprisonment 2 - 20 years and/or fine up to $30,000
Arizona A.R.S § 12-513, 13-705, 13-1214, 13-3620 Effective 4/24/2014 x x Imprisonment 5.25 - 35 years and fine of not less than $25,000
Arkansas A.C.A. § 5-14-135, 12-18-103, 16-118-116, 17-80-121, 20-82-101, 20-82-102 Effective Mar. 26, 2019 x x x x x Imprisonment 3-10 years
California [1] Cal. Pen. Code § 273a, 273.4 Passed in 1996; Effective 1/1/1997 x x x Imprisonment 1 - 6 years
Colorado [2] Col. Rev. Stat. § 18-6-401 Effective 5/24/1999 Under 16 x x x Imprisonment minimum 4 years
Connecticut [PROPOSED LEGISLATION: H.B. 5142, S.B. 505 ] x Imprisonment up to 5 years and fine up to $5,000
Delaware Del. Code Tit. 11, § 780 Effective 7/3/1996 x x x Imprisonment up to 5 years
Florida Fla. Stat. § 794.08 Effective 10/1/2018 x x x x Imprisonment up to 15 years and/or fine up to $10,000
Georgia [3] O.C.G.A. § 16-5-27 Effective 7/1/2005 x x x x Imprisonment 5 - 20 years
Hawaii [PROPOSED LEGISLATION: SB 1434, HB 132] x x x x Imprisonment for an indeterminate term
Idaho I.C. §18-1506B, I.C. §19-402, Passed March 21, 2019 Effective Jul. 1, 2019 x x Imprisonment up to life
Illinois PASSED: 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/12-34 Effective 1/1/1998
[PROPOSED LEGISLATION HB3498]
x x Imprisonment 6 - 30 years
Iowa [PROPOSED LEGISLATION:
HF 63, HF 299; HF 534; HSB 115; SF 346]
x x Imprisonment for up to 2 years and fine of $625-$6,250
Kansas K.S.A. § 21-5431 Enacted 4/10/2013 x x x x Imprisonment 89-100 months
Louisiana La. R.S. 14:43.4 Effective 8/1/2012 x x x x Imprisonment up to 15 years
Maryland Md. Code Health-Gen. § 20-601, 602 Effective 4/28/1998 x x x Imprisonment up to 5 years and/or fine up to $5,000
Massachusetts [PROPOSED LEGISLATION S.834, H.1466, H.3332] x x x x Imprisonment 2.5-10 years and fine up to $10,000
Michigan MI ST 750.136 Effective 10/9/2017 x x Imprisonment up to 15 years
Minnesota PASSED: Minn. Stat. § 144.3872, 609.2245; Effective 8/1/1995
[PROPOSED LEGISLATION: HF 373]
x x Imprisonment up to 5 years and/or fine up to $10,000
Missouri Mo. Rev. Stat. § 568.065 Passed 7/13/2000; Effective 1/1/2017 Under 17 x x Imprisonment 5 - 15 years
Nevada Nev. Rev. Stat. § 200.5083 Effective 6/26/1997 x x x x Imprisonment 2 - 10 years and/or fine up to $10,000
New Hampshire N.H. Rev. Stat. § 632-A:10-d Effective Jan. 1, 2019 x x x x Imprisonment up to 7 years
New Jersey N.J. Stat. § 2C:24- 10 Effective 1/17/2014 x x x x Imprisonment 3 - 5 years
New York N.Y. Penal Law § 130.85 Effective 11/1/1997; N.Y. Public Health Law § 207(k) Effective 11/20/2015 x x x x Imprisonment up to 4 years
North Carolina [PROPOSED LEGISLATION SB9] x x x x Imprisonmnet up to 15.16 years
North Dakota N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-36-01 Effective 8/1/1995, Amended 4/5/2019. x x x Imprisonment up to 5 years and /or fine up to $10,000
Ohio OH ST § 2903.32, 2929.14, 2929.18 x x Imprisonment 2-8 years and/or a fine up to $15,000, and an additional fine up to $25,000
Oklahoma 21 Okl. St. § 760 Effective 11/1/2009 x Imprisonment 3 years to life and /or fine up to $20,000
Oregon Or. Rev. Stat. § 163.207 Effective 7/15/1999 x x x Imprisonment up to 10 years
Pennsylvania [PROPOSED LEGISLATION HB315] x x x x Imprisonment for more than 10 years
Rhode Island [4] R.I. Gen. Laws § 11-5-2 Effective 7/3/1996 Imprisonment up to 20 years
South Carolina [PROPOSED LEGISLATION H 3973] x x x x Imprisonment up to 20 years and/or fine up to $20,000
South Dakota S.D.C.L. §§ 22-18- 37, 22-18-38, 22- 18-39 Effective 3/10/2015 x x x x Imprisonment up to 10 years and fine up to $20,000
Tennessee PASSED:Tenn. Code § 39-13-110 Effective 7/1/1996, as amended, Effective 7/1/2019 x x Imprisonment 2 - 12 years and /or fine up to $5,000
Texas Tex. Health & Safety Code § 167.001 Effective 9/1/2017 x x x x Imprisonment 6 months-2 years and /or fine up to $10,000
Utah U.C.A. 1953 § 76-5-701, 76-5-702, 76-5-703, 76-5-704 Passed Mar. 22, 2019 x x x x x Imprisonment up to 5 years and/or fine up to $5,000
Vermont [PROPOSED LEGISLATION: H.83] x x Imprisonment up to 5 years and/or fine up to $25,000
Virginia Va. Code §§ 8.01- 42.5, 18.2-51.7 Effective July 1, 2018. Va. Code § 22.1-207.1:1, Passed Feb. 22, 2019 x x x x Imprisonment up to life and/or a fine up to $100,000
Washington [PROPOSED LEGISLATION HB 2000] x x x Imprisonment up to 10 years and/or fine of $20,000
West Virginia W. Va. Code § 61-8D-3A Passed 2/23/1999; Effective 90 days later x x x Imprisonment 2 - 10 years & fine $1-5,000
Wisconsin Wis. Stat. § 146.35 Effective 5/28/1996 x x Imprisonment 6 years and/or fine up to $10,000
Wyoming [PROPOSED LEGISLATION: HB 1160] x x Imprisonment 2-50 years and/or fine up to $10,000

Weblinks

Einzelnachweise

  1. California: enhanced penalty for FGM under “Abandonment and Neglect of Children” (Penal Code).
  2. Colorado: within child abuse law, and one of few states where doctor-patient and husband-wife privileges are inapplicable in prosecutions for FGM.
  3. Georgia: One of few states where husband-wife and other statutory privileges are inapplicable in prosecutions for FGM.
  4. Rhode Island: within assault statute